Are you feeling nervous about writing a research paper? The NSCC Library is here to help. Start by reviewing these seven steps and visit (A101), call (419.267.1274) or email the library if you need additional help.
Understand the Instructions
Make sure you understand the purpose and requirements of the assignment. Check your syllabus and review any notes from class or emails from your instructor. If you still have questions, contact your instructor and ask for clarification on the assignment.
Choose a General Topic
Try selecting a topic that you would like to learn more about. Unless it is an argument paper, it’s good to choose a topic that you don’t have a strong opinion on. That way, you won’t limit yourself to only finding information that you agree with and you might learn something new!
Find Authoritative Sources
Not all resources are equal. Using Google or Wikipedia may seem like a good idea, but how do you know if the information is credible? The library has access to databases and print resources on thousands of topics. Best of all, the library’s resources include scholarly references with updated, verified information. The stronger your resources, the better your chance of getting a good grade on your research paper.
Start researching as early as possible. Avoid added stress and last-minute issues by preparing in advance. It’s also helpful to find more resources than you need for your assignment. That way, you can choose the best, most-relevant sources to use.
Compile Your Research
If you need to focus on one specific aspect of your topic, this is the time to do it. Use sticky notes or flags to make notes as you do your research. This will help you remember and prioritize what you have read.
Format Your Paper
Set up your document in accordance with the appropriate style guide. Be sure to check your assignment instructions for any special notes on formatting and citation.
Your textbook might be helpful in this process, as well as websites such as the Online Writing Lab and knightcite.com. You are responsible for making sure your paper follows the format indicated in the official APA or MLA style guides, which are available in the library.
Write Your Paper
You’ve already done most of the work, now it’s time to organize the information into sections and connect the ideas so that your paper flows. Creating an outline is helpful for many students at this point. The Online Writing Lab has excellent tips on how to create an outline.
Revise Your Paper
This is a critical step for making sure your paper represents your best work. Keep in mind that a rough draft is just that–rough. It is common for a paper to go through many revisions. It’s also helpful to have someone else read your paper and provide feedback.